A question that we often receive from directors is how to compensate yourself if the company is owner managed. In other words a business where the owners are the directors and have discretion in how they are going to structure their own remuneration, or how they are going to extract the profit from the company. Let us explore three possible scenarios.1. Building up a loan account
We often find that the owners draw money at will and build up a loan account with the company. Some directors are under the impression that this method attracts no tax. They are wrong.
The first factor to consider here is the interest rate that the company is charging the director. In most cases this is 0%. In normal circumstances a company would charge an interest rate to someone it lends money to. Thus in this case the 0% or lower than market related interest rate is directly attributed to the fact that the director is a connected person to the company. In other words the director is receiving a benefit due to his / her employment or connection with the company. This equates to remuneration and as you know remuneration is taxable.
Image license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Image title: Plan and Valuation of Pews
Business valuations are a combination between well-developed financial principles (science) and professional judgement (art). From the onset there is one principle that needs highlighting:
Photo title: Money being cut into many pieces. Source: TaxCredits.net
What is the most tax effective and correct way to get the profit of your business in your personal bank account?
Why do some small businesses not grow? I believe the main reason is that these small businesses wants their growth the same as their coffee. When their budget is tight they are indeed prepared to make the coffee themselves, so they make instant coffee. When funds become available they buy freshly roasted coffee from a drive through, instantly.
My point is that whether these small businesses have funds or not, they want growth to be instant. Some of these small businesses do implement measures for growth and then they quickly realise there is no instant results. So in most cases the measures fade away because no results are visible. Most real sustainable growth happens over time, similar to planting a seed today and only harvesting the crop in a future season and the crop may fail a few times along the way.
Being a coffee enthusiast myself, I can tell you that a good cup comes at a cost. I prefer to buy my beans from the roaster or a retail outlet that is directly affiliated with a local roaster, meaning they get freshly roasted coffee at least weekly. I do not buy the beans that are on the shelves on most supermarkets as they are in most cases guaranteed to be stale after a month from roasting date. Further I do not buy ground coffee as with that the freshness along with the taste is basically lost 3 minutes after grinding it. I buy beans and grind it myself, preferably with a hand manual grinder. An electric grinder is fine if it is a decent burr grinder, but the decent ones are usually the industrial ones and are rather expensive for the home user. You have the electric blade grinder as a cheap alternative but it gives you an inconsistent grind (coffee particles vary in size) and the heat of the rotating blades damages the coffee's taste. There is a reason to this madness, if done correctly you will get the most amazing and authentic coffee taste. Coffee should never be bitter. And you should never kill coffee with sugar! The reason people drink sugar in their coffee is exactly because it is prepared incorrectly and then tastes bitter.
We are entering a new financial year for the majority of small business owners and individuals. In follow up to my previous blog regarding the small business sins, I believe a new financial year is a great time to start fresh.
For the majority of small business owners, time and money is a scarce resource. Hence implementing a proper structure and system is not at the top of their priority list. Most only spend some resources on complying with statutory obligations for SARS and CIPC, because they have to do so by law.
There are some profound underlying changes that occur when you get your house in order, but for now let’s focus on some of the more obvious ones. The typical small business owner does not want to spend time on creating a structure for their business because they perceive this as a waste of time. The reason they believe it is a waste is that they think they should rather spend their time on making more sales or getting more clients or to just do what they have to do to survive.